Resources for Peripheral Artery Disease, Atherosclerosis, and More

The team at Advanced Vascular Surgery is committed to assisting clients in discovering treatment options for peripheral artery disease, restless leg syndrome, atherosclerosis, and other vascular conditions. Whether you’re in need of open surgery or other, less invasive options, you can be confident that we will strive to understand your position and work closely with you to explore your options. Below, you will find a range of resources to help you make a sound, informed decision.

Borgess Health

Borgess Medical Center

Borgess Medical Center strives to provide the best care possible, offering a diverse range of doctors and caregivers across Michigan.

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Vascular Web

Vascular Web is run by the Society for Vascular Surgery, a non-profit organization that aims to advance innovation in vascular health.

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Paragon Health

Paragon Health

Paragon Health’s mission is to provide leadership in the delivery of accessible, high-quality, cost-effective health care in Southwest Michigan.

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The Regional Aortic Center of Excellence (RACE) incorporates a team of board-certified vascular and cardiothoracic speicalists.

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The Intersocietal Accreditation Commission (IAC) provides programs that aim to ensure high-quality patient care through accreditation.

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WMU Medical School

Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine

The Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine is a teaching facility for resident physicians that offers a team-based approach to care.

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Vascular Health Definitions

Surgical bypass treats your narrowed arteries by directly creating a detour, or bypass, around a section of the artery that is blocked. Your arteries are normally smooth and unobstructed on the inside but they can become blocked through a process called atherosclerosis, which means hardening of the arteries. As you age, a sticky substance called plaque can build up in the walls of your arteries. Cholesterol, calcium, and fibrous tissue make up the plaque. As more plaque builds up, your arteries can narrow and stiffen. Eventually, as the process progresses, your blood vessels can no longer meet the oxygen demands of your organs or muscles, and symptoms may develop.

Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.

Carotid artery disease occurs when the major arteries in your neck become narrowed or blocked. These arteries, called the carotid arteries, supply your brain with blood. Your carotid arteries extend from your aorta in your chest to the brain inside your skull.

Leg artery disease (peripheral arterial disease or PAD) can cause discomfort or pain when you walk. While the pain most often occurs in the calf it can also occur in your hips, buttocks, thighs, knees, shins, or upper feet. This pain is called intermittent claudication.

Dialysis, also called hemodialysis, is the most common treatment for kidney failure. A dialysis machine is an artificial kidney designed to remove impurities from your blood. During dialysis, physicians use the dialysis access to remove a portion of your blood to circulate it through the dialysis machine so it can remove impurities and regulate fluid and chemical balances. The purified blood is then returned to you, again through the dialysis access.

Arteries bring oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body, whereas your veins are the blood vessels that return oxygen-poor blood back to your heart. You have three kinds of veins. Superficial veins lie close to your skin, and the deep veins lie in groups of muscles. Perforating veins connect the superficial veins to the deep veins with one-way valves. Deep veins lead to the vena cava, your body’s largest vein, which runs directly to your heart. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in one of the deep veins. Usually, DVT occurs in your pelvis, thigh, or calf, but it can also occur less commonly in your arm, chest, or other locations.

Lymphedema occurs when a clear fluid known as lymphatic fluid builds up in the soft tissues of your body, usually in an arm or leg. The lymphatic system consists of lymph vessels and lymph nodes that run through your body. Lymph vessels collect a fluid that is made up of protein, water, fats, and wastes from the cells of the body. Lymph vessels carry this fluid to your lymph nodes. Lymph nodes filter waste materials and foreign products, and then return the fluid to your blood. If your vessels or nodes become damaged or are missing, the lymph fluid cannot move freely through the system. The fluids can then build up and cause swelling, known as lymphedema, in the affected arms or legs.

Kidney failure may require dialysis which, in turn, may require one or more surgical procedures for access.

When Reynaud’s disease occurs, the normal vessels to the fingers and toes may go into spasm.

Spider veins are mild varicose veins. They look like a nest of red or blue lines just under your skin. Spider veins are not a serious medical problem, but they can be a cosmetic concern to some people, and they can cause symptoms of aching pain and itching in others.

Renal artery stenosis is the narrowing of kidney arteries. This condition may cause high blood pressure and may eventually lead to kidney failure. Renal vein thrombosis means that you have a blood clot blocking a vein in your kidney. Blood clots in renal veins are uncommon and rarely affect the kidney, but they can sometimes travel to and lodge in arteries supplying your lungs, causing a dangerous condition called a pulmonary embolism.

Varicose veins are swollen veins that you can see through your skin. They often look blue, bulging, and twisted. Left untreated, varicose veins may worsen over time. Varicose veins can cause aching and feelings of fatigue as well as skin changes like rashes, redness, and sores. As many as 40 million Americans, most of them women, have varicose veins.

Sometimes people who have potentially threatening vascular disease may not be aware of its presence because warning symptoms have not yet developed. For this reason, vascular screening is used as a method to detect the presence of serious vascular disease in the general population before it has a chance to cause harm.

A vascular surgeon diagnoses and treats disorders of the veins and arteries as well as the lymphatic system.